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War's End: The Never Before Told Story Of The Nagasaki Atomic Mission #KEEVHS0001
War's End: The Never Before Told Story Of The Nagasaki Atomic Mission
Kinsale Enterprises

The film, War's End: The Never Before Told Story Of The Nagasaki Atomic Mission is a documentary that chronicles the planning, the personalities and the two atomic bombing missions flown by a special United States Army Air Corps detachment on August 6 and 9, 1945.  This video is all the more fascinating due to the fact that it includes numerous interviews of General Charles "Chuck" Sweeney, who as a major in World War II flew the B-29 Superfortress charged with collecting weather information as part of the mission to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima Japan on August 6, 1945 and three days later was given the assignment of mission commander flying the B-29 used to drop the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki Japan.  In his own words, General Sweeney describes the planning, training and execution of the two most significant missions of World War II and the twentieth Century.  The second atomic bombing mission flown on August 9, 1945 delivered a 10,000-pound bomb nicknamed "Fat Man" on Nagasaki Japan and with it brought an end to World War II six days later with the surrender of Japan.  Early in the morning of August 9, 1945, then Major Sweeney, who was 25 at the time, started his pre-flight check of the B-29, nicknamed "Bock's Car".  Major Sweeney had only three days earlier been told by Colonel Paul Tibets, the pilot of Enola Gay the B-29 used to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, that he would be piloting the aircraft to be used to drop the second atomic bomb over Japan on August 9, 1945.  Unlike the Hiroshima mission, that was conducted in clear, dry weather and went like clockwork, Major Sweeney's mission was plagued by a series of problems that began just before takeoff and continued until his forced landing 12 hours later at an unplanned airfield.  Of particular note is the fact that United States Army Air Corps had originally intended on dropping "Fat Man" on another Japanese city but due to complete overcast conditions over the primary target was forced to seek out and deliver their weapon over a secondary target, Nagasaki that was itself partially obscured by cloud cover.  On their return flight a previously detected fuel tank problem caused Major Sweeney to divert his B-29 to a different airfield from the one he had left 12 hours previously.  While the efficacy of dropping an atomic bomb on innocent civilians was subsequently debated, then President Harry S. Truman felt that the recalcitrant, uncompromising Japanese war machine would never surrender unless they were presented with the option of complete nuclear annihilation of their Home Islands.  What would have happened had the two atomic bombs never been dropped will never be known.  What is known, is having suffered two devastating atomic bombings in three days, the Japanese Emperor Hirohito compelled his government to accept the Allied demand for unconditional surrender six days later.  Without question, bringing World War II to a quick end undoubtedly save tens of thousands of American lives had they been compelled to invade the Japanese Home Islands.  Full screen in black 7 white and color.  Released in 1995.  Runtime 60 minutes.


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